Truthseekers Fellowship!

12. Ecumenical Monotheism

1. The Best Belief
2. Understanding God
3. God's Requirement
4. Need for Perseverance
5. Spiritual Dynamics
6. Fellowship
7. From Twelve to Sermon
8. Jesus in Galilee
9. Judea thru John's Gospel
10. Key OT Teachings
11. Hermeneutic; Definitions
12. Ecumenical Monotheism
13. History of Beliefs, Part 1
14. History of Beliefs, Part 2
15. Moral, Political and Doctrinal Issues
16. People and Isms
17. Poems, Songs & Sermonettes
18. Miscellaneous

Harmonizing Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Mormonism 





 Ten Steps to Messianic Islam

Around the world some people who claim to serve God—Jews, Christians and Muslims—are fighting and killing each other, when according to the New Testament (NT) God loves everyone (JN 3:16) and wants all people to live together peacefully.  Just as the apostle Paul sought to harmonize the teachings of the Old and New Testaments (cf. 1THS 5:21) in order to convert Jews to faith in Jesus as Messiah, so the steps below seek to explain how Muslim Gentiles may become Messianic/Christian.

1. You might begin by inviting the Muslim to explore with you a way to harmonize Christianity and Islam or build a bridge between them, just as the apostle Paul sought to bridge between the Mosaic Law and the Gospel of Jesus by explaining that the purpose of OT Judaism was to provide the heritage for the (NT) Messiah for the benefit of all people (read RM 3:21-31 & 9:4-5, cf. IS 42:1-6, GN 22:18, DT 9:5-6).  Note places in the Qur’an which state that its purpose is to confirm rather than contradict prior revelation, including surahs 2:62, 89 &136, 3:3-4 cf.84, 4:136, 5:46 & 69, 7:157, 10:37 (“This Qur’an is a confirmation of revelations that went before it.”), and 42:13 (“We have sent to you the same message as that given to Abraham, Moses and Jesus:  that you should remain steadfast in religion and make no divisions therein.”)

These statements indicate that the Quran should be understood in light of the NT (and the NT teaches that the OT should be understood in the same light).  The teachings of Muhammed (as well as those of Moses) should not be interpreted as contradicting NT teachings regarding Messiah.  Apparently, these NT teachings were not well known in the Arab part of the world when Muhammed lived, because he did not seem to understand the role of Jesus as Messiah, and his teachings in the Quran are more like the pre-Christian OT.  Therefore, telling Muslim friends about Jesus is like the situation in the first century when the Jewish Christians were witnessing to their Jewish friends, and so we may infer that Muslims who accept Jesus as Messiah—like the Jews in Paul’s day—may follow the customs of the Quran (the five pillars) that do not contradict the Gospel of salvation (1JN 4:1-3).


2. Then invite agreement with Paul’s teaching that what matters is not the religion of our parents, but that we have faith like Abraham in the one true God, so that Gentiles (Christians, Muslims, etc.) who have this faith are spiritual Jews (in RM 2:28-29, 4:16-17, GL 3:29, JN 17:3; cf. Surah 2:133, “We shall worship the God of Abraham…—the one true God”).  Note that similarly, because the word “muslim” means “servant of/submitted to God”, we can also say that Christians are spiritual Muslims (per such verses as ACTS 5:29 and 1CR 3:5), so monotheistic religion can be a bridge.  In this way all humanity may be blessed because of Abraham (GN 12:3).



3. Acknowledge/agree that all truth is from God (1THS 5:21, cf. JM 1:27).  Thus, accepting Jesus as Messiah or Mohammed as Prophet should not necessitate rejecting what is good and true in another culture, whether Jewish, Christian, Muslim or anything else.  At this point explain the meaning of “Messiah”, which is “the perfect or sinless “muslim” or servant of Allah (cf. JN 4:25f, 5:30&39, 6:29 &38-40) the one God ordained/anointed to atone (pay the penalty or ransom justly required) for the sins of humanity.  This is the Gospel or good truth that must not be abrogated or nullified by viewing Mohammed as “the” prophet of Allah or else Islam becomes anti-Christ and condemned/ cursed (per RV 22:18-19 & GL 1:8).

4. Explain that affirming Jesus as Messiah does not nullify Islamic practices or laws, as long as they are not viewed as earning salvation, which would make the atonement of Messiah unnecessary (cf. ACTS 15:5-29 and GL 2:15-16).  There are Messianic Jews, who accept Jesus as Messiah while retaining various aspects of their Jewish culture and heritage, and likewise Muslims may become Messianic, accepting the atonement of Christ and his command to love everyone (EPH 2:8-10, JN 13:34-35, MT 5:44, 22:37-40), but remaining free (2CR 9:7) to practice the five pillars of Islam, if good works are understood to be evidence/fruit of saving faith rather than a means of earning salvation (cf. EPH 2:8-10).

5. Note that Mohammed’s teachings do not show awareness of much of the NT, due to the poor witness of Christians in Arabia, and that this truth (Messiah/Christ atoned for everyone's sins, because Gentiles are included in God's plan of salvation) was a mystery until it was revealed to Paul (CL 4:3, 1CR 2:7-10) and remains so today until a person has the opportunity to learn it.  Read EPH 2:11-22 & 3:1-9, substituting the word “Muslim” for “Gentile” (cf. ACTS 17:22-31, where Paul witnessed to Greek Gentiles in Athens).

6. Acknowledge that apparently no one explained to Mohammed the NT doctrine of the Trinity and read 1TM 2:3-5, “God our Savior wants everyone to be saved and to know the truth.  There is one God, and one mediator between God and humanity, the man Christ (Messiah) Jesus.”  At this point, share the best explanation of the Trinity:  one God relates to humanity in three personal ways:  Father over all (per EPH 4:6, JN 17:3), Immanuel or Messiah or Son with us (per JN 17:3, MT 1:23, 1TM 2:5), and Holy Spirit in believers (per RM 8:9, cf. surah 2, v.87; note the three prepositions).  You might also note that God relates to humanity impersonally by means of the world He created and sustains, which is evidence of His existence and power (per RM 1:20).  When the NT calls Jesus “God” (RM 9:5) or the “Son of God” (JN 3:16), it means that insofar as the almighty, infinite and invisible God of the universe can be represented or manifested by a human being, that person is Messiah (cf. JN 4:25f, 5:30&39, 6:29 &38-40, HB 2:17 & Surah 2, v.89 & 136; note the fourth preposition). 

It should be helpful to understanding the concept of a monotheist Trinity for Muslims to notice that the Quran refers to God as the Holy Spirit in a few places, including Surahs 2:87 (“We gave Jesus the Holy Spirit”, see also S.2:253), 5:110 (“Allah will say to Jesus, ‘I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit…’” and 16:102, (“The Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from the Lord in Truth.”)  Thus, the second “Person of the Trinity” (one God as a duality) is not disputed in the Quran.  When the NT speaks of the Holy Spirit, it refers to God’s indwelling of believers as truth and love. 

7. Mention that some people associate Christianity with ungodly behavior by supposed Christians (just as some people associate Islam with the demonic behavior by people claiming to be Muslim, such as ISIS/L and Al Queda), but we need to learn that not all who claim to be Christians really are per the parameters established by Christ/Messiah in JN 13:35 and MT 7:21f, and these parameters apply to everyone, including people in Islamic cultures, so the Qu’ran should not be interpreted in a way that takes a step backward toward the OT conquest of Canaan stage of understanding God (read JSH 6:21, 8:24-26, 10:28-40, which describe Joshua obeying the instructions of Moses for "Jewish Jihad" in DT 20:10-18).  That genocide was ever God's intentional will is problematic, because it contradicts the NT revelation of God's love for all humanity, but at least everyone should agree that it is an inferior and anti-Christian morality.

  Again, not only did Mohammed apparently not have access to the Pauline part of the NT that explained the doctrine of Messiah but also organized Christianity had become corrupt and a poor witness, as indicated by the following statements from the Quran (with references from the NT as commentary):

(2:8)  Some people say they believe, but they do not. [MT 7:21, JN 13:35]

(2:113)  The Jews and Christians quarrel, yet they profess to study the same Book, but Allah will judge.

(3:110)  Most People of the Book are perverted transgressors, who rejected the Signs of Allah and slew the prophets.  [MT 23:34-37]

(5:13-15)  To the Israelites who broke their covenant and to the Christians who forgot much of the message and became estranged with enmity between them, our Messenger has come with a new book, whereby Allah guides all who seek Him out of darkness unto the light.  [GL 1:6-12]

(5:66&68)  If only they had stood by the Law and the Gospel, but many of them follow an evil course of rebellion and blasphemy.  [MT 7:21]

(43:63-65)  Jesus taught worship of Allah, but his followers fell into sects and disagreement.  [5:116f]

(57:27)  We sent Jesus and ordained in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy, but the monasticism they invented.  [JN 13:35, but nix re monasticism]

Explain that after the death of the apostles, Christianity was adopted by the Roman emperor, Constantine, and became corrupted as an authoritarian and even terroristic society during the Middle Ages and the period of the Inquisition that contradicted the command of Christ to love everyone.

8. Assert that there is no reasonable basis for viewing extant Jewish and Christian scripture (OT & NT) as corrupt or not essentially the same as the original or as more corrupt than the extant Qu’ran, but viewing scripture as inspired or even inerrant does not solve the problem of interpreting them rightly, because all people and prophets are fallible human beings, so we must pray for God’s guidance in discerning what is true in all sources.  Also, because the Gospel and Morality of Messiah (love God and everyone) represent the summit of divine revelation, it can never be surpassed or superseded (cf. HB 7:22-10:39).  Thus, Qu’ranic statements akin to those of Moses in the Torah must be interpreted in the light of the NT, assuming Mohammed’s demeaning of the Gospel was unintentional due to ignorance of much of the NT.  This assumption allows the possibility of interpreting the Qu’ran in a way that is not anti-Christ (cf, 1JN 2:22 & 4:3, 2JN 7).

9. Clarify that the traditional role of Muslims is obedience of the Qu’ran, whereas for Messianic Muslims/Christians it is fellowship with/love of God that motivates obedience of God’s command to love everyone (which is the highest type of revelation/relationship).  Fellowship with God by means of the indwelling Holy Spirit of love and truth gives Christians confidence of salvation (HB 10:35), but we all walk by faith/hope (2CR 5:7), and again, we should not put the cart (good works) before the horse (saving faith/love) in our understanding of salvation (per EPH 2:8-10, etc.)

10. Affirm teachings in the Qu’ran that are compatible with biblical teaching (following the lead of 2TM 3:16-17), such as the bodily resurrection to judgment, but stress the need for a correct/NT  understanding of  jihad (struggle), which is evangelism conducted by means of loving persuasion rather than by using violent coercion (cf. the spiritual warfare described by Paul in EPH 6:11-17).

If the Muslim to whom you are witnessing is open to accepting Jesus as Messiah and Lord in the human dimension (2CR 4:5 & CL 2:6), be ready to explain the main points of the Christian creed:

  1. There is a/one Lord or God (DT 6:4), who is both able (2TM 1:12) and willing (1TM 2:3-4) to provide all morally accountable human beings salvation or heaven—a wonderful life full of love, joy and peace forever (GL 5:22-23, JN 3:16)—because God is all-loving and just (JN 3:16, 2THS 1:6).
  2.  Human beings are selfish or sinful (RM 3:23, 2TM 3:2-4, CL 3:5), miserable (GL 5:19-21), and hopeless (EPH 2:12) when they reject God’s salvation (JN 3:18).
  3. Jesus is God’s Messiah/Christ or the way (means of providing salvation) that God has chosen (JN 3:16, ACTS 16:30-31, PHP 2:9-11), although God is just (2THS 1:6) and must provide a way for pre-NT truthseekers to learn a proto-Gospel and attain heaven (1PT 3:19, 2PT 2:9).
  4. Thus, every person who hears the Gospel needs to accept God in Jesus as Christ/Messiah the Lord (LK 2:11, JN 14:6, ACTS 16:31), which means trying to obey His commandment to love one another (MT 22:37-40, JN 13:35, RM 13:9)--forever (MT 10:22, PS 113:2).
  5. Then God's Holy Spirit will establish a saving relationship with those who freely accept Him (RV 3:20) that will eventually achieve heaven when by means of persevering in learning God's will everyone cooperates fully with His Word (RM 8:6-17, GL 6:7-9, EPH 1:13-14, HB 10:36, 12:1, JM 1:2-4).

Although we share the Gospel in the spirit of 1PT 3:15-16, remember that most of the Jews did not accept Messiah, and many Muslims also will not accept Jesus as Christ, in fulfillment of the prophecy by Isaiah cited by Jesus in MT 13:14-15.  All we can do is imitate the example of Paul and obey his instruction in RM 12:18:  “If possible, on your part, live at peace with everyone” by trying our best to build a bridge between the Gospel of Christ and the Qu’ran of Mohammed.  If Muslims want to interpret their religion in a way that is anti-Christ, then God’s instructions to Ezekiel regarding the Jews (edited) apply in this case:

“I am sending you to the Muslims, a rebellious people, who have sinned against  Me to this day, being obstinate and hard-hearted, but do not be afraid of them (EZK 2:1-6)…  I have made you watchmen over the people of Islam; give them a warning from Me (3:17)… They are practicing abominations here, filling the land with violence (8:17)… [but if they repent] I will put a new spirit within them; then they will be my people (11:19-20)…  and they will know that I am the Lord, when I make atonement for all sinners have done (16:62-63), for I take no pleasure in anyone’s death, so repent and live!” (18:32)  Amen!

(The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an, by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1999)



Although key parts of the Quran for bridging to Christianity were cited in the previous section, in this section, other teachings in the Quran are compared with the Bible, especially the New Testament.  Since the Qur’an contains much repetition, often only the first instance of a teaching is noted.  The Surah and verse are placed within parentheses.  [M = Muslims and C = Christians.  * identifies an Islamic “Pillar”.  I use two or three letter abbreviations for Bible books, S for Surah and v for verse.]

(Surah 1)  [introduction]  God/Allah is praiseworthy, merciful and Judge. [2CR 1:3, LK 6:36, RM 2:16]

(2:2)  This book contains sure guidance for those who believe. [2:89&136, 2TM 3:16-17]

(2:8)  Some people say they believe, but they do not. [MT 7:21, JN 13:35]

(2:29)  God created all things on earth. [GN 1, RM 1:25]

(2:34)  We said to the angels…  [“majestic plural” also in GN 3:22]

(2:36)  Satan made Adam & Eve slip from the Garden. [GN 3:1-15]

(2:40)  Children of Israel, fulfill God’s covenant. [with Abraham (GN 17:1-7) for the salvation of all people (per IS 42:1&6, 49:6)]

(2:49)  We delivered you from Pharaoh [EX 14:23-31] and (v.53:) gave Moses the Scripture and Criterion. [Cf. S.3, v.3-4.  Criterion seems to mean miracles (DT 34:9-12)]

(2:61)  They slew Allah’s messengers. [MT 23:37]

(2:62)  Those who believe in the Quran and follow the Jewish scriptures and the Christians shall have their reward. [RM 2:28-29, 3:29-30, 4:9-12&16-17, GL 3:6-14, EPH 2:11-22]

(2:77)  Allah knows what we think. [ACTS 1:24, 1CR 4:5, 14:25]

(2:83)  Worship Allah, treat with kindness your parents, orphans and the poor. [EPH 4:32, 6:1-3, JM 1:27, GL 2:10, 1CR 13:3]

(2:87)  We gave Jesus the Holy Spirit. [See also S.2:253, JN 14:16-17]

(2:89)  There comes to them a book from Allah, confirming what is with them. [See f.94, v.136, S.6:92 & S.10:37]

(2:111f)  They say: “None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.”  Nay, whoever submits His whole self to Allah [Muslim] and is a doer of good—he will get his reward with his Lord. [God’s will is for us to be all three:  a spiritual Jew (RM 2:29) = a genuine Christian (JM 2:17) = a true Muslim (MT 22:37-40).

(2:113)  The Jews and Christians quarrel, yet they profess to study the same Book, but Allah will judge.  [M also quarrel with J & C, who profess to serve the one God, but  Paul taught that God’s servants (Muslims) must not quarrel (2TM 2:24, 1CR 1:10).]

(2:125)  We covenanted with Abraham and Ismail. [and with Isaac! (GN 17:18-21)]

(2:133)  We shall worship the God of Abraham…—the one true God. [Cf. JN 17:3.]

(2:135)  Christians joined gods [Jesus and HS] with Allah. [One God relates to humanity in three normative ways; see S.2:87 & 1TM 2:5.] 

(2:136)  We believe in the revelation given to Moses and Jesus and to all Prophets; we make no difference between them. [See S.2:89, S.3:3&84; Jesus is unique and exalted as Messiah. (PHP 2:9-11)]

(2:137)  You are on the right path; if they turn back, it is they who are in schism. [Schism is caused by those who deny the truth in both the NT and Quran.  Paul wrote about how to bridge this schism in GL 3:1-29.  See note for v.111.]

(2:140)  Were the descendants of Abraham Jews or Christians? [Yes by faith, and also genuine Muslims as explained in the note on v.111.]

(2:143)  Allah is kind and merciful to all people. [LK 6:35-36] 

*(2:144 & 18:149f)  Thy Qiblah [direction for prayer per f.141] is to turn your face toward the Sacred Mosque [in Makkah per f.148, cf. 1CR 3:16-17].

(2:153)  Allah is with those who patiently persevere. [HB 10:36] 

(2:161)  Those who die rejecting Faith are cursed. [HB 9:27]

(2:168)  Eat good things. [1TM 4:3-4]

(2:173)  Do not eat animals that die of sickness, blood or swine unless forced by necessity. [also S.5:3 & S.16:115; cf. 1TM 4:4]

(2:178-179)  The law of equality [just compensation?] is prescribed to you…that ye may restrain yourselves [from vengeance, MT 5:38f] 

*(2:183&185)  Fasting is prescribed to you that ye may learn self-restraint... during the month of Ramadan.  [Such practices are permissible but not salvific per the NT (GL 2:14-16 & 3:21-25).] 

(2:190)  Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you… (and v.193:) those who practice oppression [in self-defense per f.204, but cf. v.244.  C also believe in just defense (based on RM 13:1-5), but stress spiritual warfare per EPH 6:12, 2CR 10:3-5, 2TM 4:7, MT 5:44.  Compare terrorists with MT 5:9 & RM 12:18].

(2:195)  Allah loves those who do good.  [MT 5:44, RM 5:8-10, RM 13:1-4]

*(2:196)  Complete the Hajj or Umrah if you can afford it.  [pilgrimage to Makkah, also S.3:97, cf. note on fasting; RM 12:1, JN 6:29]

(2:207)  The man who gives his life earns the pleasure of Allah.  [Martyrdom, if necessary, is praised in Christianity, too (cf. MT 10:16-28), but not murder-suicides.] 

(2:219)  The sin of wine and gambling is greater than the benefit. [also 5:90; The NT bans drunkenness explicitly in EPH 5:18 and excessive gambling implicitly in 1TM 5:8, EPH 4:28, 2CR 8:12 & 9:6-11]

(2:221)  Do not marry unbelieving women.  [cf. 2CR 6:14] 

(2:225)  Allah will not condemn you for thoughtlessness but for evil intent. [1CR 4:5]

(2:228)  Divorced women shall wait for three months [before remarriage].  Men have a degree of rights over women. [Cf. GL 3:28 vs. 1TM 2:11-15.] 

(2:229)  A divorce is permissible only twice. [Cf. MT 19:8-12, 1CR 7:10-16]

*(2:238)  Guard strictly your habit of prayers. [Cf. EPH 6:18, 1THS 5:17]

(2:256)  Let there be no compulsion in religion. [cf. 9:29; Murderers and persecutors are pseudo-theists (MT 7:21).]

(2:262&264)  Give without “reminders or [wanting] to be seen of men. [Cf. MT 6:2-4] 

*(2:272)  Whatever good you give shall be rendered back to you. [Cf. ML3:10, 2CR9:6]

(2:284)  Allah forgives and punishes as He wills.  [Cf. RM 9:14-18, God as Potter]

(2:286)  Allah does not burden a soul greater than it can bear.  [Cf. 1CR 10:13 in terms of temptation]


(3:3-4)  Allah sent down the Book, confirming what went before it, the Law and the Gospel.  Before this He set down the Criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).  [S.2:89 & RM 2:14-15]

(3:12)  Those who reject Faith will be gathered together in hell.  [MT 23:33]

(3:19)  The religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His will). [JM 4:7]

(3:32)  Allah does not love those who reject Faith. [RM 5:6-10, God loves enemies]

(3:45-49)  Allah will give the virgin Mary a Word from him, whose name will be Christ Jesus, who will be appointed a messenger to the children of Israel.  [JN 1:14; Note the lack of mention of Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles (ACTS 13:46-47) for Christ.]

(3:59)  Jesus was created like Adam:  Allah said “Be”, and he was. [1CR 15:45f., the first and last Adam]

(3:67)  Abraham was not a Jew or a Christian, but true in Faith and joined not gods with Allah.  [RM 4, salvation by faith; 1TM 1:17 with CL 1:15]

(3:90-91)  Those who reject Faith after accepting it and who die rejecting will never be accepted.  [HB 6:4-6 and many passages teach the possibility of apostasy]

 (3:103)  Hold fast to the Rope, and be not divided among yourselves. [JN 13:35 & 17:23, EPH 4:3, 1CR 3:3, etc. command unity]

(3:110)  Most People of the Book are perverted transgressors, who rejected the Signs of Allah and slew the prophets.  [MT 23:34-37]

(3:118)  Do not be intimate with those outside your ranks or they will corrupt you. [2CR 6:14f]

(3:132)  Obey Allah and the Messenger, that ye may obtain mercy. [Also 4:80; cf. JN 17:6-8&24-26, ACTS 4:19 & JN 13:16&34 (messages must not contradict the Gospel)]

(3:135)  Who can forgive sins except Allah?  [LK 5:21]

(3:140)  Allah takes martyrs and purges believers.  [This and many following verses refer to the disastrous defeat in the battle at Uhud.]

(3:144)  Muhammed is no more than a messenger.  [Whereas Jesus is more than a prophet per MT 11:10-15]

(3:145)  No one dies without Allah’s permission.  [But God does not desire our death per 1CR 15:26.]

(3:185f.)  Every soul shall die and on the Day of Judgment believers (who persevere, v.200) will be saved from the Fire and admitted to the Garden.  [HB 9:27, RV 20:15, 22:1-3]


(4:3)  Marry 1-4 (orphaned) women [whose fathers and husbands were killed at Uhud per a footnote], treated justly (equally). [Cf. MT 19:4-6, 1TM 3:2]

(4:9)  Dispose of orphans’ estates justly [as though you were the deceased; other rules for inheritance follow].

(4:15-16)  If women or men are guilty of lewdness, punish them until they repent and amend.  [no NT verse]

(4:23)  Do not marry close relatives.  [cf. LV 18]

(4:34)  Husbands protect their wives; wives obey their husbands. [cf. EPH 5:21-33]

(4:40)  Allah is never unjust.  [RM 9:14, 2THS 1:6]

(4:43)  Pray only after washing with water or clean sand.  [S.5,v.6; cf. HB 10:22]

(4:46)  Allah has cursed the Jews for their unbelief, but few believe.  [cf. RM 9:3-8]

(4:57)  Those who believe and do good deeds will be admitted to gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to shades and coolness.  [also v.122; JM 2:17&22, GL 5:1-6, 1JN 2:29]

(4:74)  Fight in the cause of Allah.  [cf. 2TM 4:7, EPH 6:10-12]

(4:79)  Whatever good happens is from Allah.  [JM 1:17]

 (4:92)  Never should a believer kill another believer intentionally.  [MT 5:22]

(4:95)  Those who fight are rewarded more than those who sit at home. [cf. v.74 note]

(4:120)  Satan creates false desires and deceives.  [GN 3:1-6, ACTS 13:10]

(4:136)  Believe in Allah, his angels, his books, his messengers, and the Day of Judgment.  [ACTS 16:31, JN 5:39-40&46, ACTS 26:22-27]

(4:137-138)  God will not forgive apostates and hypocrites. [MT 23, HB 6:4-6]

(4:144)  Do not befriend unbelievers.  [2CR 6:14-18]

(4:153-159)  The People of the Book killed Christ Jesus, but Allah raised him up, and they must believe in him.  [ACTS 2:22-39]

(4:171)  The Messiah Jesus was a messenger of Allah, so say not “Trinity”, for Allah is one God.  [1TM 2:5, GL 3:20, 1CR 8:6]


(5:3)  Forbidden foods include dead meat, blood, swine and that dedicated to idols. [ACTS 15:20, 1CR 10:25-29, MT 15:11, CL 2:16, 1TM 4:4]

(5:13-15)  To the Israelites who broke their covenant and to the Christians who forgot much of the message and became estranged with enmity between them, our Messenger has come with a new book, whereby Allah guides all who seek Him out of darkness unto the light.  [GL 1:6-12]

(5:17-18)  It is blasphemy to say that Allah is Christ.  Those who say they are sons of Allah are but men He created.  [cf. JN 1:12, 10:35, PHP 2:15, RM 8:14-17, 1JN 3:1-2]

(5:38)  Cut off the hands of a thief.  [cf. EPH 4:28]

(5:45)  We ordained “life for life” for the Jews, but if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it is an act of atonement for himself.  [MT 5:38-39]

(5:46)  We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law with the Gospel.  [MT 5:17]

(5:48)  Allah could have made you a single people, but His plan is to test you and to show you the truth regarding what you dispute.  [EPH 4:3-5]

(5:66&68)  If only they had stood by the Law and the Gospel, but many of them follow an evil course of rebellion and blasphemy.  [MT 7:21]

(5:69)  Those who believe the Qur’an, who follow the Jewish Scriptures, Christians and who believe in Allah and the Last Day and work righteousness, they shall not grieve. [GL 6:7-10]

(5:72-75)  They blaspheme who say Allah is Christ, who taught worship of Allah, who is one God.  Christ is no more than a messenger.  [cf. MT 11:10-15, JN 10:33-38 and notes on v.17f and S.4:171]

 (5:110)  Allah will say to Jesus, “I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit and enabled you to make a bird out of clay and to bring forth the dead and to heal people.”  [MT 3:16, 4:1, 8:3, 9:24-25; Note the reference to an apocryphal NT book.]

(5:111-115)  Allah inspired Jesus’ disciples, who asked him to send a table with food from heaven, and Allah sent it, saying that if any of you after this miracle resist faith, I will punish you most severely.  [This miracle is not canonical.]

(5:116-117)  Jesus commanded people to worship Allah.  [also 43:63-64, MT 4:10]


(6:8-9)  If we sent an angel down to unbelievers, the matter would be settled at once, and no respite would be granted them.  If we had sent the angel as a man, they would have remained in confusion.  [cf. JN 10:33, LK 4:22, JN 9:41]

(6:19)  The Qur’an has been revealed to me by inspiration, so I may warn you that besides Allah there is no other God.  [see v.106 and S.5:72-75 & v.116-117]

(6:32-34)  What is earthly life?  Best is the home in the hereafter, but the wicked reject the signs of Allah.  [MT 6:25-33 & 12:39/16:4]

(6:35)  Be not among those who are swayed by ignorance and impatience.  [2PT 3]

(6:73)  Allah’s Word is the Truth.  [JN 17:17]

(6:96-97)  Allah made the sun and moon for the reckoning of time and the stars for the guidance of travelers.  [PS 8:3, 74:16, 104:19, GN 1:14-16]

(6:109&111)  Even if we sent them signs or if the dead spoke, those who demand such would not believe.  [cf. v. 124 and LK 16:31]

(6:121)  Eat no food on which Allah’s name has not been pronounced.  [see v.145 & S.5:3, ACTS 15:20]

(6:141)  Allah does not love those who are wasteful.  [LK 16:11]

(6:151)  Do not kill children because you cannot afford them.  Kill only by way of justice and law.  [RM 13:3-10]

(6:155-157)  This book is revealed, lest you say you are unacquainted with the Book sent to two peoples before you or that if the Book had been sent to you, you would have followed its guidance better than they.  [2PT 1:19-2:1, 3:15-16, 2TM 3:16f, JN 16:5-15]

(6:159  Do not divide into sects.  [1CR 3:3-23]


(7:11-25)  The story of the fall of Adam and Eve.  [GN 3]

(7:33)  Allah forbids sins and trespasses against truth or reason.  [MT 5:48, JN 8:44]

(7:40)  Those who reject our signs will not enter heaven until a camel can pass through the eye of a needle.  [MT 19:24]

(7:42)  We place no burden on any soul greater than what it can bear. [also 23:62, 1CR 10:13]

(7:59-64)  We sent Noah to warn his people to worship Allah, but they rejected him. [also 10:71-73, 11:25-49; GN 6-8, 2PT 2:5, 1PT 3:20, HB 11:7]

(7:65-93)  We sent Hud to the Ad people, Salih to the Thamuds, Lut to his people, and Shu’ayb to the Madyans, but their leaders rejected their messages.  [also 11:50-95; These are in the Arab tradition rather than in the Jewish tradition, except for Lot (GN 19).]

(7:103-154)  After them we sent Moses with our signs to Pharaoh, and we ordained laws for him in the tablets.  [also 10:75-92, 20:1-97, 43:46-56; EX 5-14 & NM]  (20:1-97)

(7:157)  Those who follow the messenger they find mentioned in their own scriptures (the Law and the Gospel) will prosper.  [HB 7:18-10:1, EPH 3:2-6]

(7:160-169)  We divided the people of Moses into twelve tribes and broke them up into sections on this earth, but they chose the vanities of this world.  [post NT]

(7:179)  We have made many men for hell.  They are misguided and heedless of our warnings.  [Do they have moral free will or not?  Cf. DT 30:19, RM 9:14-21]

(7:180)  Shun those who use profanity in God’s names.  [CL 3:8]

(7:187)  None but the Lord knows when the final hour will occur. [MT 24:36]

(7:200f)  If an evil suggestion from Satan assaults your mind, seek refuge with Allah. [JM 4:7-15]

(Appendices on Jewish and Christian history; See esp. p.411)

(8:1)  The spoils of war belong to Allah and the Messenger. [MT 5:9, 2CR 10:3-4]

(8:36)  Unbelievers hinder men from the path of Allah, but in the end they will have only regrets in hell.  [MT 23:13-15]

(8:61)  If your enemy wants peace, then you incline towards peace. [RM 12:18]

(8:65)  O Prophet, rouse the Believers to the fight.  [MT 10:34]


(Intro to S.9:  This was among the last Surahs revealed, seven years after S.8, but the Prophet directed that it should follow S.8)  [During the interval was built the Sacred Mosque mentioned in S.9:7&19.]

(9:3-4)  Dissolve treaty obligations with pagans who aid anyone against you. [no NT verse on this topic]

(9:14)  Fight those who assault you, and Allah will punish them by your hands. [RM 13:4]

(9:24)  Do not hold anyone or anything more dear than Allah. [MT 10:37-38]

(9:29)  Fight those who do not acknowledge the Religion of Truth until they submit and pay the tax.  [cf. 2:256, MT 22:21]

(9:30f)  Jews who call Ezra a son of God and Christians who call Christ the Son of God are deluded and cursed by Allah.  They were commanded do worship One God.  [see S.5:72-75&166f]

(9:36&44)  Allah ordained 12 months and permits fighting in all of them.  Do not ask for an exemption from fighting.  [no NT verse]

(9:60)  Charity is for the poor.  [MT 6:1-4, EPH 4:28]

(9:68,73&80)  Allah has promised the hypocrites and rejecters of faith the fire of hell.  O Prophet, strive hard against them.  Allah will not forgive them.  [MT 23:29-33]


(10:9)  Those who believe and work righteousness will be saved. [also S.4:57 & S.18:30&107, MT 7:21, but no mention of love (MT 22:37-40) until S.19:96]

(10:20)  To those who want a sign from Allah, I too will wait with you. [MT 16:4]

(10:37)  This Qur’an is a confirmation of revelations that went before it. [see S.3:3]

(10:44)  God is not unjust.  It is man that wrongs his own soul. [also v.54, MT 23:37]

(10:68f)  They say Allah has begotten a Son without warrant.  It is a lie. [MT 16:16]

 (10:98-100)  Only the people of Jonah believed.  If the Lord had willed, all on earth would have believed.  No one can believe except by the will of Allah.  [cf. S.7:179 & S.16:9]


(11:5-6)  Nothing is hidden from God.  All is in a clear record. [also 6:59 & 10:61, ACTS 1:24, 1CR 4:5]

(11:8) If we delay the penalty, they will mock and say, “What keeps it back?” [2PT 3:3f]

(11:18&24)  Those who invent a lie against Allah may be compared to the blind and deaf.  [MT 13:14-15]

(12:7-104)  Joseph and his brothers are signs for seekers after truth… [cf. GN 37-50]


(13:7&27)  Unbelievers ask why a sign is not sent down to “him”, but you are a warner and guide to every people.  [cf. S.10:20]

(13:11)  For each person there are guardian angels.  [no NT verse]

(13:40)  No messenger brings a sign except as Allah permits, but your duty is to deliver the message, and ours is to call them to account.  [1TM 2:7, TM 4:2]


(14:19)  Do you not see that Allah can replace you with a new creation?  [also v.48; 2CR 5:17, RV 21:1-2]

(14:25)  Allah sets forth parables [symbols, such as a fruit tree) in order than men may receive admonition.   [MT 13:31, 33, 44, 45, 47, etc.]


(15:8-9)  We send no angels down except for just cause, but we have sent down the Message.  [1CR 1:18-25]

(15:28-38)  Allah cursed Iblis [Satan] until the Day of Judgment, because he refused to prostrate himself before Adam.  [also S.17:61f & 18:50, cf. GN 3:13-15]


(16:18)  You would never be able to add up the favours of Allah.  [JM 1:17, EPH 1:3]

(16:58-59)  When a daughter is born to pagans, they contemplate the evil choice of killing it or suffering its life.  [no NT verse]

(16:62-63)  They attribute to Allah what they hate, but Satan makes their own acts seem alluring.  [cf. JM 1:14]

(16:65)  Allah sends rain to give life to earth as a sign for those who listen. [MT 5:45, ACTS 14:17]

(16:70)  Some are sent back to a feeble age, knowing nothing after having known much.  [no NT verse]

(16:85)  When wrongdoers see the Penalty, then will the time of respite be past. [HB 10:26-27]

(16:90)  Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to friends and relatives. [MT 23:23, JM 2:1]

(16:99) Satan has no authority over those who believe. [S.17:65, MT 28:18, JM 4:7]

(16:102)  The Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from the Lord in Truth. [JN 14:17&26]


(17:23)  Be kind to parents.  [S.2:83, EPH 4:32, 6:1-2]

(17:31)  Do not kill your children for fear of want.  [no NT  verse]

(17:32)  Do not have illicit sex.  [ACTS 15:20, 1CR 7:9]

(17:33)  Do not kill except for just cause. [MT 19:18]

(17:34)  Do not rob an orphan’s property.  [no NT verse]

(17:35)  Use just measures and weights.  [DT 25:14, PR 20:10]

(17:49)  Unbelievers scoff at the resurrection.  [also v.98, ACTS 13:26-41]

(17:55)  We gave to David the Psalms.  [PS 2:2&7, 16:10]

*(17:78)  Establish regular prayers at sunset and morning. [cf. MT 6:5-6, 1THS 5:17]

(17:89)  Most refuse to accept this Qur’an with gratitude.  [also 18:54, ACTS 13:46]


(18:1-4)  Allah sent his servant the Book to warn those who say He has begotten a son. [also S.19:88-92, S.23:91, JN 3:16, PS 2:7]

(18:23-24)  Do not speak of plans without adding, “So please Allah”.  [God willing]

(18:46)  Good deeds are best as the foundation for hope.  [cf. EPH 2:8-10, JM 2:17]

(18:56)  Unbelievers dispute the Messengers with vain arguments and treat my signs and warnings with jest.  [2PT 2:10-22, 2TM 3:1-9]


(19:1-15)  The Lord gave Zakariya a son in his old age, Yahya (John the Baptist). [LK 1:5-25]

(19:16-34)  The Lord gave the virgin Mary the baby Jesus. [LK 1:26-2:7]


(20:129&135)  There is a term appointed for respite, but soon shall you know who has received guidance.  [1CR 4:5, HB 9:27-28, RV 14:7]


(21:37-41)  Man is a creature of haste, but soon enough and suddenly this promise will come to pass, and there will be no more respite for scoffers.  [2PT 3:3-10]

(21:47)  Not a soul will be dealt with unjustly on the Day of Judgment. [2PT 2:9, RM 9:14]

(21:51-92)  Remember Abraham, Lot, Noah, David, Solomon, Job, Ismail, Jonah, Mary and her son:  they are a single brotherhood.  [also 23:52, cf. HB 11]

(21:96-97)  When the Gog and Magog people are let through, then will the Promise draw near.  [cf. RV 20:7-8]

(21:101-104)  Those with a good record will not hear of hell on the day we roll up the heavens like a scroll and produce the new creation we have promised. [RV 20:12, 21:5]

(21:105)  We wrote in the Psalms, “The righteous shall inherit the earth.”  [PS 37:29]


*(22:27-29)  Proclaim the Pilgrimage (Hajj), and complete the rites prescribed. [JN 4:21-24, ACTS 17:24, 2CR 6:16]

(22:37)  Glorify Allah and proclaim the Good News to all who do right. [MT 9:12-13, ACTS 5:42]

(22:47)  A day in the sight of the Lord is like a thousand years of your reckoning. [2PT 3:8]

(22:67)  To every people we have appointed rites they must follow. [MT 22:37-40 vs. 28:19 & RM 12:1]

(22:77)  Bow down, prostrate yourselves, adore your Lord and do good.  [PHP 2:10-11]


(23:101-102)  When the trumpet is blown, those whose balance of good deeds is heavy will attain salvation.  [PHP 3:4-9, EPH 2:8-10]


(24:2)  Flog those guilty of adultery or fornication with a hundred stripes.  [JN 8:7-11]

(24:4-9)  Accusations of adultery must be proved by four witnesses or by five oaths. [MT 18:16]

(24:31)  Women should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty to any but those in their immediate family.  [1TM 2:9]

(24:32)  Marry those who are single.  [MT 19:4-6]


(S.25-29:44)  These repeat previous material, including praise of Allah as Creator, mention of previous messengers such as Moses, injunction against polytheism and warning of unbelievers in the Qur’an about the coming judgment.  [2PT 1:12-15]


(29:46)  Do not dispute with the People of the Book, but say, “We believe in the revelation that came down to you; our God and your God is One.”


(30:31-32)  Be not among those who split up their religion into sects.  [1CR 1:10, TIT 3:9-11]


(S.31-32)  Nothing new.


(33:28-34)  Instructions for the consorts of the Prophet. [1TM 3:2&12, 2:11, TIT 2:3-5]

(33:36)  When a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger, anyone who disobeys is wrong.  [cf. HB 13:17, JM 4:12]

(33:50)  Only the Prophet may marry as many as he chooses. [cf. S.24:32, MT 19:4-6]

(33:53&55)  After eating with the Prophet, leave without seeking familiar talk, which annoys him—and do not marry his widows.  Those who annoy the Messenger are cursed by Allah. [ ! ]

(33:59)  Women should wear outer garments when abroad, so they will not be molested. [see S.24:31]

(33:60-61)  Hypocrites shall be seized and slain without mercy.  [MT 5:44, RM 5:8, 1CR 5:11-13]


(S.34-41)  Nothing new.


(42:13)  We have sent to you the same message as that given to Abraham, Moses and Jesus:  that you should remain steadfast in religion and make no divisions therein. [RM 4:1-3, GL 3:19-24, JN 17:20-23]

(42:39-43)  It is not wrong to defend oneself or to seek recompense, but forgiveness and reconciliation is admirable.  [MT 5:38-41, 7:19-23, 23:13-33]


(43:63-65)  Jesus taught worship of Allah, but his followers fell into sects and disagreement.  [5:116f]

(43:74-76)  Sinners in hell will have been unjust to themselves.  [GL 6:7]


(S.44-48)  Nothing new.


(49:6)  If a wicked person tells you news, ascertain the truth, lest you harm people wrongfully.  [no NT equivalent]

(49:9)  Be a peacemaker, but if one party transgresses beyond bounds, then fight that one until it complies.  [MT 5:9]

(49:11-13)  Do not laugh at each other or call each other offensive names or speak ill of each other behind their backs, but be righteous.  [MT 5:22, CL 3:8-11, EPH 4:29]


(S.50-56)  Nothing new, except 56:20, 55:56&70 and 56:22 refer to maidens (virgins) as part of heavenly reward.  [and Hadith 2,562 in Sunan al-Tirmidhi gives the number 72]


(57:23-24)  Allah does not love any boastful or covetous person.  [RM 1:30, 13:9]

(57:27)  We sent Jesus and ordained in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy, but the monasticism they invented.  [JN 13:35, but nix re monasticism]


(58:2-4)  Men cannot divorce by (the pagan custom of) calling wives their mothers.  [MT 19:8]

(58:9)  Do not hold secret counsels for plotting against the Messenger.  [no NT verse]

(58:12)  Spend something in charity before your private consultation with the Messenger.  [2CR 9:7]

(58:22)  You will not find any believers loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger.  [1JN 4:3]


(S.59)  Nothing new.


(S.60:8-9)  Allah does not forbid you friendship with those who do not fight you for your faith.  [no NT verse]

(S.60:10)  You may marry believing women who desert their unbelieving husbands.  [1CR 7:12-17]


(61:6)  Jesus told of a messenger to come after him, whose name would be Ahmad.  [Jesus told of the Holy Spirit, called Paracletos (Advocate) in JN 14-16.]

(61:14)  Jesus asked for helpers, and the disciples said they would be Allah’s helpers.  [Jesus enlisted 12 disciples (MT 10:2-4).]


(62:9)  Heed the call to assemble for prayer on Friday.  [EX 20:8, CL 2:16, RM 14:5]


(S.63-64)  Nothing new.


(65:1-4)  Divorce women at their prescribed periods or three months for those without periods or after birth for those who are pregnant.  [no NT verse]


(66:1-5)  Refer to problems with the Prophet’s consorts.  [no NT verse]

(66:9)  The Prophet should strive hard against unbelievers and hypocrites. [2TM 2:24, PHP 1:27]


(S.67-71)  Nothing new.


(72:1-14)  Among the Jinns are some who rebelled and some who serve Allah. [MT 25:41, 2PT 2:4]


(S.73-82)  Nothing new.


(83:1)  Woe to those who deal in fraud.  [no NT verse]


(S.84-114)  Nothing new.




 Most of the Book of Mormon is purported to be history and does not contain the doctrines that are problematic or divisive.  Most of these are found in the  "Doctrine and Covenants", which is excerpted below.  

 1. Containing revelations given to Joseph Smith, the prophet, with some additions by his successors in the Presidency of the Church, Copyright 1921 by Helen J. Grant, Trustee in Trust.  [title page]

2. [The first revelation to Joseph Smith] took place in the early spring of 1820… Many revelations followed, in preparation for the re-establishment of the Church of Jesus Christ on earth… On September 24, 1834, at a meeting of the High Council in Kirtland, Ohio, a committee… was constituted to publish the revelations… [explanatory introduction]

3. Section 1.  Revelation given through Joseph Smith the Prophet, during a special conference of Elders… held at Hiram, Ohio, November 1, 1831… This section constitutes the Lord’s Preface to the doctrines, covenants, and commandments given in this dispensation. [p.1]

4. …my servant Joseph Smith… [to whom was given] power to lay the foundation of this church… the only true and living church upon the face of the whole earth. [p.3]

5. For although a man may have many revelations… [if he] sets at naught the counsels of God… he must fall and incur the vengeance of a just God. [p.4]

6. And when thou [Smith] deliverdst up that which God had given thee sight and power to translate, thou deliverdst up that which was sacred into the hands of a wicked man. [p.5]

7. As many as repent and are baptized in my name, which is Jesus Christ, and endure to the end, the same shall be saved. [p.25]

8. God… created man [but man became fallen]… wherefore, the Almighty God gave his Only Begotten Son… He was crucified, died, and rose again the third day, and ascended into heaven.. to reign with almighty power according to the will of the Father. [p.31]

9. Father, Son and Holy Ghost are one God, infinite, and eternal… And we know that justification… [and] sanctification through the grace of our Lord and savior Jesus Christ is just and true… But there is a possibility that we may fall from grace. [p.31]

10. It must needs be that the devil should tempt the children of men, or they could not be agents unto themselves…[but] power is not given unto Satan to tempt little children, until they begin to become accountable. [p.46]

11. The Book of Mormon and the holy scriptures are given of me for your instruction… And there are none that doeth good except those who are ready to receive the fullness of my gospel, which I have sent forth… by the hand of my servant Joseph. [p.50&52]

12. My servants Sidney, and Parley, and Leman… you shall go and preach my gospel… unto the Shakers… [for] whoso forbiddeth to marry is not ordained of God, for… it is lawful that he should have one wife. [p.77-78]

13. Let that which belongeth to this people not be taken and given unto that of another church… let the bishop appoint a storehouse unto this church. [p.82]

14. The land of Missouri… is the land of promise, and the place for the city of Zion… is now called Independence… wherefore, it is wisdom that the land should be purchased. [p.89]

15. He that keepeth the laws of God hath no need to break the laws of the land. [p.91]

16. Shake off the dust of thy feet against those who receive thee not, not in their presence, lest though provoke them, but in secret. [9.97]

17. Children shall be baptized for the remission of their sins when eight years old. [p.112]

18. Section 76.  A vision… Prefacing his record of this vision the Prophet wrote:  “From sundry revelations which had been received, it was apparent that many important points touching the revelation of man had been taken from the bible, or lost before it was compiled. [p.121]

19. These are they [the church of the Firstborn who have received the fullness of the Father] whose bodies are celestial… These are they who receive of his glory, but not of his fullness… Wherefore, they are bodies terrestrial… these are they [the telestial] who received not the gospel of Christ… who shall not be redeemed form the devil until the last resurrection. [p.125]

20. For whoso is faithful unto the obtaining these two priesthoods [Melchizedek and Aaronic]… they become the sons of Moses… and the elect of God. [p.137]

21. The body hath need of every member… that the system may be kept perfect. [p.141]

22. Prophecy on war, given through Joseph Smith the Prophet, December 25, 1832… behold, the southern States shall be divided against the Northern States, and… slaves shall rise up against their masters. [p.144]

23. A Word of Wisdom… strong drinks are not for the belly… tobacco is not for the body, neither for the belly… and again, hot drinks are not for the body or belly. [p.154]

24. Thus saith the Lord [to Joseph Smith]… the keys of this kingdom shall never be taken from you, while thou art in the world, neither in the world to come. [p.155]

25. It is not needful that the Apocrypha should be translated. [p.158]

26. Man was also in the beginning with God… for man is spirit.  The elements are eternal… the elements are the tabernacle of God. [p.160]

27. I, the Lord, justify you… in befriending that law which is the constitutional law of the land. [p.167]

28. If men will smite you… if thou rewardest him according to his works thou art justified. [p.168]

29. In case of difficulty respecting doctrine… the president may inquire and obtain the mind of the Lord by revelation. [p.179]

30. Whoso is not willing to lay down his life for my sake is not my disciple. [p. 181]

31. If any man shall… impart not his portion, according to the law of my gospel, unto the poor and the needy, he shall, with the wicked, lift up his eyes in hell. [p.183-184]

32. Talk not of judgment, neither boast of faith nor of mighty works, but carefully gather together, as much in one region as can be, consistently with the feelings of the people… until the army of Israel becomes very great. [p.189]

33. There are, in the church, two priesthoods, namely the Melchizedek and Aaronic… called the lesser priesthood. [p.191-192]

34. We therefore ask thee to… cause that the remnants of Jacob… be converted… to the fullness of the everlasting gospel. [p.202]

35. Thus shall my church be called in the last days, even the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. [p.209]

36. All those who gather unto the land of Zion shall be tithed of their surplus properties, and shall observe this law, or they shall not be found worthy to abide among you. [p.212]

37. Build a house to my name… for a baptismal font there is not upon the earth, that they, my saints, may be baptized for those who are dead. [p.221]

38. The Lord ordained and prepared before the foundation of the world the ordinance of baptism for the dead for the salvation of the dead who should die without knowledge of the gospel. [p.232]

39. The idea that the Father and the Son dwell in a man’s heart is an old sectarian notion… the Father has a body of flesh and bones as tangible as man’s. [p.238]

40. In the celestial glory there are three heavens or degrees, and in order to obtain the highest, man must enter into… the new and everlasting covenant of marriage. [p.238]

41. All spirit is matter, but it is more fine. [p.239]

42. I reveal unto you a new and an everlasting covenant, and if ye abide not that covenant, then are ye damned… the conditions of this law are these:  All covenants… that are not made and entered into and sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise… through the medium of mine anointed… my servant Joseph… are of no efficacy, virtue or force in after the resurrection.  [p.239-240]

43. Therefore, if a man marry him a wife… not by me nor by my word… when they are out of the world they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are appointed angels… to minster for those who are worthy of a far more, and an exceeding, and an eternal weight of glory. [p.240-241]

44. If a man marry a wife by my word, which is my law, and by the new and everlasting covenant, and it is sealed unto them by the Holy Spirit of promise, by him who is anointed… then shall they be gods, because they have all power. [p.241]

45. This is eternal lives—to know the only wise and true God, and Jesus Christ, whom he hath sent.  I am he.  Receive ye, therefore, my law… and ye shall be saved. [p.242]

46. Abraham received concubines, and they bore him children, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness… David also received many wives and concubines… by the hand of Nathan, my servant.  [p.243]

47. If any man espouse a virgin, and desire to espouse another, and the first give her consent… then he is justified, he cannot commit adultery… And if he have ten virgins given unto him by this law, he cannot commit adultery, for they are given unto him to multiply and replenish the earth. [p.245]

48. We do not believe it just to mingle religious influence with civil government, whereby one religious society is fostered… We do not believe that any  religious society has authority to try men on the right of property or life. [p.250-251]

49. To seal the testimony of this book and the Book of Mormon, we announce the martyrdom of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and Hyrum Smith the Patriarch.  They were shot in Carthage jail, on the 27th of June, 1844, about five o’clock p.m., by an armed mob—painted black—of from 150 to 200 persons… Joseph Smith, the Prophet and Seer of the Lord, has done more, save Jesus only, for the salvation of men in this world, than any other man. [p.252]

50. It was needful that he [Joseph Smith] should seal his testimony with his blood, that he might be honored and the wicked might be condemned… Now, however, hearken, O ye people of my church… be diligent in keeping all my commandments… So no more at present.  Amen and Amen.  [p.256-end]


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